It has soft, flattened pale blue-green needles up to 2 1/2 inches long. In botany, an evergreen tree type or plant is a plant that has leaves in all seasons. Fir trees can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by their needle like leaves, attached to the twig by a base that looks like a small suction cup, and by erect cylindrical cones 5 to 25cm (2 to 10in) long that disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds. Fir trees make useful specimen plantings and have erect cones. Rowan tree in Wicklow, Ireland. Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea ‘Nana’): A squat, rounded fir with lush needles, this compact plant deserves a place on every list of dwarf evergreen trees. The most popular fir trees used for Christmas include the noble fir, fraser fir and balsam fir. This tree has good pest resistance and makes a great screen or specimen. The low-maintenance tree prefers full sun and can grow in a variety of soil types as long as they drain well. 11 Best Types of Christmas Trees for People Who Want the Real-Tree Smell in Their House These tree varieties offer a nice aroma, an easy clean-up or strong branches to hold lots of ornaments. Douglas fir is a hard type of softwood tree that is used for flooring, construction, veneer, and for general timber. Also known as red fir or white fir, the noble fir is a popular choice for Christmas trees. Alternate-leaf dogwood. It is an evergreen tree that is usually 10 to 15 meters tall. It grows slowly and fits into most landscapes. Also named the Caucasian fir tree, the Nordmann fir is native to Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus mountains. These fir cones are yellowish-green when immature and gradually turn brown. Silver firs have leaves that are needle-like and have a dark glossy appearance. Nordmann fir trees are also used for rough timber to construct indoor wooden frames. This is in contrast to spruce trees, which have paired needles with a hinge-like base, and pine needles, which are bunched in clusters. The cylindrical seed cones are 2 1/5 to 5 inches long and a striking violet-blue ripening to brown in the fall. True cedars belong to the family of pine trees, called Pinaceae. European silver firs are also popular Christmas trees in North America and Europe. Fraser firs are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees due to their mild sent, soft needles, and good conical shape. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? And this species is known for its beautiful symmetry and tall upright nature. Cultivars and Varieties: European Silver Fir-Abies alba, Pacific Silver Fir-Abies amabilis, Balsam Fir-Abies balsamea, Greek Fir-Abies cephalonica, White Fir-Abies concolor, Fraser Fir-Abies fraseri, Grand Fir-Abies grandis, Korean Fir-Abies koreana, Alpine Fir-Abies lasiocarpa, Spanish Fir … Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. The balsam fir is identified by its flat needles that grow to 1.18” (3 cm) long. These are arranged spirally on the twigs and are slightly curved in shape. The silver fir is a tall slender species of conifer native to Europe. When the cones fall, they leave a small, upright attachment on the branch. In scientific categorization, fir trees are actually in a separate category from other trees in the pine family, which includes, pines, firs, larches, etc. The most common Abies species used for traditional Christmas trees are the balsam fir, Fraser fir, noble fir, and Nordmann fir. Although they look similar to pine trees or spruce trees, the needle like leaves and the types of cones help to tell them apart. 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 9 Species of Fig (Ficus) Trees for Indoor and Outdoor Gardening, 15 Varieties of Japanese Maple Trees With Colorful Foliage, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. We’ll explore what each type has to offer so you can choose the best real Christmas tree for your home! Growing Zones: 3 – 5. 18 Mugo Pine. Looking up close at the needle leaves, you will see that Spanish fir has light bluish-green needles are arranged radially. The cylindrical cones are 3 1/2 to 12 inches long. Here are 12 popular types of fir trees for your landscape. There are many other types of evergreen trees have different exciting characteristics that we’ll talk about in this article. Southeast. Fraser fir is a small fir tree with branches angled upwards. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. This large fir tree is a popular type of fir that lives up to its common name of being noble. Fraser fir tree has small conical cones that are purple in color that turns light brown before disintegrating and spreading seeds. Foliage underside. Dwarf varieties of these evergreens are some of the most popular Christmas trees. The white fir has bluish green foliage with whitish appearance on the underside. They can grow up to 5.5” (14 cm) long and measure 1.6” (4 cm) wide. The Nordmann fir is one of the most popular Christmas trees in the UK. The grand fir tree has soft needle leaves that are dark green and glossy. Other true fir trees that are not native to North America include European Silver Fir, Nikko Fir and Caucasian Fir, which are native to central and southeastern Europe but were introduced to North America. Bark on white firs is light gray, and younger specimens have smooth bark. Maine Native Fir Trees, Abies and Pseudotsuga There are two varieties of Abies balsamea, one being typical of the species, var. Scotch Pine; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture a Scotch pine (also known as a Scots pine). Some species of evergreen trees are large elegant trees and some are small bushy shrubs. This tree is also known as the Nordmann fir, named after Alexander von Nordmann, a Finnish zoologist. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. The needles are dark green with blunted ends. Among the many choices of evergreen trees, the most commonly planted varieties are cypress, pine, fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock, juniper, thuja, eucalyptus, and magnolia. This fir species produces an essential oil with a fragrance of pine. Also called the Canaan fir, these fir trees are described as medium-sized trees that have a thick sticky aromatic resin. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. The distinctive cones appear in late spring and come in shades of blue or purple. These coniferous trees prefer cooler climates where they get full sun. There are about 50 different wild species of Fir Trees, but only a few are regularly grown in gardens. Types of Fir Wood . They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. Noble firs grow to between 130 and 230 ft. (40 – 70 m) tall. Evergreen trees are the perfect type of tree to landscape a garden or backyard. Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. Because the noble’s needles grow upward from particularly stiff branches, they keep everything from ornaments to candy canes to handfuls of tinsel from slipping off. Bark on Fraser fir trees has a grayish-brown appearance that becomes scaly as the tree matures. These huge fir trees grow to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall and their trunk is 6.6 ft. (2 m) in diameter. American beech. Different types of pine trees grow in many different environments that include cold regions in North America, rain forests, and hot sandy deserts. Fir trees are a genus of the evergreen coniferous trees and are also a popular choice for the holiday season. Spruce-pine-fir, or SPF, is that the generic name for a variety of timbers originating from North America. It is not very tolerant of urban climates but remains a common choice as a landscape tree. The cylindrical seed cones are 6 inches long and are dark reddish-brown in color. A slow growing tree species, the oldest individual trees are typically not more than 200 years old. True firs are in the genus Abies and there are between 45-55 species of these evergreen conifers worldwide. Some of these characteristics include needle length, needle color, bark characteristics, and additional cone characteristics. 13. of 40. So, whatever your landscaping needs are, there are many varieties of evergreen trees to choose from. In this article, you will learn about the many different species of fir trees and how to identify them. However, if you suffer from allergies, then it’s essential to pick a species of evergreen that has no aroma at all. Tiny, yellowish-green flowers appear on the tree in March and April, producing acorns up to 1 inch long. Soil texture – several types: • Sand – gritty, large soil particles. Types of Evergreen Trees That Will Leave You Wonder-struck. The bark is charcoal gray. 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