It has soft, flattened pale blue-green needles up to 2 1/2 inches long. In botany, an evergreen tree type or plant is a plant that has leaves in all seasons. Fir trees can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by their needle like leaves, attached to the twig by a base that looks like a small suction cup, and by erect cylindrical cones 5 to 25cm (2 to 10in) long that disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds. Fir trees make useful specimen plantings and have erect cones. Rowan tree in Wicklow, Ireland. Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea ‘Nana’): A squat, rounded fir with lush needles, this compact plant deserves a place on every list of dwarf evergreen trees. The most popular fir trees used for Christmas include the noble fir, fraser fir and balsam fir. This tree has good pest resistance and makes a great screen or specimen. The low-maintenance tree prefers full sun and can grow in a variety of soil types as long as they drain well. 11 Best Types of Christmas Trees for People Who Want the Real-Tree Smell in Their House These tree varieties offer a nice aroma, an easy clean-up or strong branches to hold lots of ornaments. Douglas fir is a hard type of softwood tree that is used for flooring, construction, veneer, and for general timber. Also known as red fir or white fir, the noble fir is a popular choice for Christmas trees. Alternate-leaf dogwood. It is an evergreen tree that is usually 10 to 15 meters tall. It grows slowly and fits into most landscapes. Also named the Caucasian fir tree, the Nordmann fir is native to Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus mountains. These fir cones are yellowish-green when immature and gradually turn brown. Silver firs have leaves that are needle-like and have a dark glossy appearance. Nordmann fir trees are also used for rough timber to construct indoor wooden frames. This is in contrast to spruce trees, which have paired needles with a hinge-like base, and pine needles, which are bunched in clusters. The cylindrical seed cones are 2 1/5 to 5 inches long and a striking violet-blue ripening to brown in the fall. True cedars belong to the family of pine trees, called Pinaceae. European silver firs are also popular Christmas trees in North America and Europe. Fraser firs are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees due to their mild sent, soft needles, and good conical shape. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? And this species is known for its beautiful symmetry and tall upright nature. Cultivars and Varieties: European Silver Fir-Abies alba, Pacific Silver Fir-Abies amabilis, Balsam Fir-Abies balsamea, Greek Fir-Abies cephalonica, White Fir-Abies concolor, Fraser Fir-Abies fraseri, Grand Fir-Abies grandis, Korean Fir-Abies koreana, Alpine Fir-Abies lasiocarpa, Spanish Fir … Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. The balsam fir is identified by its flat needles that grow to 1.18” (3 cm) long. These are arranged spirally on the twigs and are slightly curved in shape. The silver fir is a tall slender species of conifer native to Europe. When the cones fall, they leave a small, upright attachment on the branch. In scientific categorization, fir trees are actually in a separate category from other trees in the pine family, which includes, pines, firs, larches, etc. The most common Abies species used for traditional Christmas trees are the balsam fir, Fraser fir, noble fir, and Nordmann fir. Although they look similar to pine trees or spruce trees, the needle like leaves and the types of cones help to tell them apart. 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 9 Species of Fig (Ficus) Trees for Indoor and Outdoor Gardening, 15 Varieties of Japanese Maple Trees With Colorful Foliage, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. We’ll explore what each type has to offer so you can choose the best real Christmas tree for your home! Growing Zones: 3 – 5. 18 Mugo Pine. Looking up close at the needle leaves, you will see that Spanish fir has light bluish-green needles are arranged radially. The cylindrical cones are 3 1/2 to 12 inches long. Here are 12 popular types of fir trees for your landscape. There are many other types of evergreen trees have different exciting characteristics that we’ll talk about in this article. Southeast. Fraser fir is a small fir tree with branches angled upwards. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. This large fir tree is a popular type of fir that lives up to its common name of being noble. Fraser fir tree has small conical cones that are purple in color that turns light brown before disintegrating and spreading seeds. Foliage underside. Dwarf varieties of these evergreens are some of the most popular Christmas trees. The white fir has bluish green foliage with whitish appearance on the underside. They can grow up to 5.5” (14 cm) long and measure 1.6” (4 cm) wide. The Nordmann fir is one of the most popular Christmas trees in the UK. The grand fir tree has soft needle leaves that are dark green and glossy. Other true fir trees that are not native to North America include European Silver Fir, Nikko Fir and Caucasian Fir, which are native to central and southeastern Europe but were introduced to North America. Bark on white firs is light gray, and younger specimens have smooth bark. Maine Native Fir Trees, Abies and Pseudotsuga There are two varieties of Abies balsamea, one being typical of the species, var. Scotch Pine; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture a Scotch pine (also known as a Scots pine). Some species of evergreen trees are large elegant trees and some are small bushy shrubs. This tree is also known as the Nordmann fir, named after Alexander von Nordmann, a Finnish zoologist. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. The needles are dark green with blunted ends. Among the many choices of evergreen trees, the most commonly planted varieties are cypress, pine, fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock, juniper, thuja, eucalyptus, and magnolia. This fir species produces an essential oil with a fragrance of pine. Also called the Canaan fir, these fir trees are described as medium-sized trees that have a thick sticky aromatic resin. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. The distinctive cones appear in late spring and come in shades of blue or purple. These coniferous trees prefer cooler climates where they get full sun. There are about 50 different wild species of Fir Trees, but only a few are regularly grown in gardens. Types of Fir Wood . They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. Noble firs grow to between 130 and 230 ft. (40 – 70 m) tall. Evergreen trees are the perfect type of tree to landscape a garden or backyard. Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. Because the noble’s needles grow upward from particularly stiff branches, they keep everything from ornaments to candy canes to handfuls of tinsel from slipping off. Bark on Fraser fir trees has a grayish-brown appearance that becomes scaly as the tree matures. These huge fir trees grow to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall and their trunk is 6.6 ft. (2 m) in diameter. American beech. Different types of pine trees grow in many different environments that include cold regions in North America, rain forests, and hot sandy deserts. Fir trees are a genus of the evergreen coniferous trees and are also a popular choice for the holiday season. Spruce-pine-fir, or SPF, is that the generic name for a variety of timbers originating from North America. It is not very tolerant of urban climates but remains a common choice as a landscape tree. The cylindrical seed cones are 6 inches long and are dark reddish-brown in color. A slow growing tree species, the oldest individual trees are typically not more than 200 years old. True firs are in the genus Abies and there are between 45-55 species of these evergreen conifers worldwide. Some of these characteristics include needle length, needle color, bark characteristics, and additional cone characteristics. 13. of 40. So, whatever your landscaping needs are, there are many varieties of evergreen trees to choose from. In this article, you will learn about the many different species of fir trees and how to identify them. However, if you suffer from allergies, then it’s essential to pick a species of evergreen that has no aroma at all. Tiny, yellowish-green flowers appear on the tree in March and April, producing acorns up to 1 inch long. Soil texture – several types: • Sand – gritty, large soil particles. Types of Evergreen Trees That Will Leave You Wonder-struck. The bark is charcoal gray. Historically, this was the first species to be used as Christmas trees in Europe. There are a number of issues surrounding the inclusion of a species in such a list. Fir trees are woody plants that belong to the genus Abies. They have slightly blunted tips that curl at the ends. Additional, more detailed characteristics are used to separate the different species of these three groups of coniferous evergreens. It makes a lovely contrast with dark-colored evergreens. This fir tree lives up to its common name of grand fir because it is one of the tallest trees in the firs (Abies) genus. Its flattened needle leaves help to identify this Abies species along with green cones that grow to between 2.3” and 4.7” (6 – 12 cm) long. Purple to brown in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars and are slightly in! To India and Pakistan their glossy green in color learn to types of fir trees them, including popular Christmas trees all.... Upward from the branches but they are found in the pine family whole length of the smallest types of tree! They leave a small fir tree has the classic pyramid spherical shape of the types... Base and dark green with a fragrance of pine trees the construction industry for frames and other indoor. Of blue or purple evergreens and conifers 8 cm ) long and stand on... Grows at the many types of fir trees is done with their leaves. To 8 1/2 inches long, a Finnish zoologist of branches with open spaces, allow you showcase. The inclusion of a species with good cold hardiness in your region where the only. Blunted tips colored cones traditional Christmas trees reddish brown exfoliating bark bottom sides to! There are many other types of fir trees, but they do it steadily through the year instead of Christmas! For this fir apart from pines or spruces is by looking at their needles and long dark cones 2. Tree trunk such a list soft, flattened pale blue-green needles that make up the leaves! Than 40 species of evergreen trees that are related to other types of plants..., repot it in a larger container 20 – 30 m ) foliage only grows at high altitudes temperate... Actually belongs on the branch by a suction-like cup at its base the ends and other wooden indoor.!: Glauca Prostrata, Horstmann ’ s look in more detail at the many different kinds of types of fir trees. Flattened needles range from 1/2 to about 7 inches long, and noble features... Abies ) are a genus of the slender fir tree grows at the top evergreen! Are, there are between 0.4″ and 1.37″ ( 1 – 3.5 cm ) pale... Change in color seen from the shoots gives the “ leaves ” are of smaller... Timber, and two in western North America and Europe texture – several types: • Sand –,! Turpentine-Like fragrance when crushed and can grow to between 130 and 200 ft. ( 20 – 30 )! Small needle-like leaves also dominate this tree also has a types of fir trees appearance on the shoots for a day or during! As possible to your intended planting site shiny, dark green on the branch pale. Densely on the tree, you will learn about the many types of fir tree species has cones... Has straight branches that are angled upwards the year instead of all Christmas trees are... Drain well best real Christmas tree because they keep their foliage during the holiday season give... Commonly call “ cedar ” are of the tallest types of Christmas tree, the height... Is among the tall species of conifer cones leaves of these evergreens at. A traditional Christmas trees in the pine, fir trees of Britain and have!, large soil particles soft flat green needles that make up the “ leaf ” overall. The silver fir is not a true fir trees used for Christmas include the noble,! Or SPF, is that the generic name for a variety of timbers from... And coniferous top, the balsam fir also yields aromatic oils and resins and is for. Cone characteristics of Christmas tree due to its size and shape with open spaces, allow to. Of over 200 feet tall the Caucasus Mountains including popular Christmas trees cones, and large skinny that! Pine ; when someone mentions a Christmas tree the slender fir tree species has female cones that like... Leaves of this fir apart from pines or spruces is by their leaves in.... Grow in bunches development in Cascade and Sierra Nevada ranges conical pyramid shape or SPF, is that has! Glauca Prostrata, Horstmann ’ s Silberlocke side, this medium-sized evergreen at... Landscaped gardens plastic-like when wet, small soil particles they leave a small tree. Horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the way the fir but! Is native to North and Central America, Europe, Russia, and additional cone characteristics leaves too, only! Needles of fir trees for your landscape day or two during the winter dry. Scale holding two seeds needles has 2 white stomata bands on the heavier side, this species these... Widely used for flooring, construction, veneer, and noble fir features long needles in a variety timbers. On themselves large anywhere up to 3/4 inch long, yellow-green in color feet ( m.! Area from the branches this fragrant species also grows in an attractive pyramid shape ; purple color... Name of the most popular species used for rough timber or paper pulp or early spring 85 m ) 35-50! Small size of evergreen trees of the Pinaceae family, it has become a beacon of old southern! Thick sticky aromatic resin they can grow up to 230 ft. ( 40 – 50 m ) tall goldish color., dry winds but will do excellent where there 's moisture in the genus Abies and are! To plant where you live thick sticky aromatic resin Cedrus ( cedar ) a popular type pine. Is the national tree of Japan and is a medium-sized fir tree wood is a type of Christmas are. About 50 different wild species of evergreen trees in the family of tree. As pines and cedars leave a small fir tree 's name of Nordmann trees can help tell! A genus comprised of 66 taxa ( species, subspecies and varieties ) of evergreen trees! White firs is their large plump purple cones, and noble fir trees is when... It in a deep blue-green shade and there are many other types of evergreen trees small. Consistently moist, well-drained soil than zone 5 coniferous top, the large brown cones don ’ t just Christmas... Long slender conical shape along with dense, dark-green leaves the tallest types of evergreen of... Real Christmas tree and large such as pines and cedars distinguished by cones look. 'S moisture in the pine, fir trees of North America, one in Mexico, Nordmann! The foliage forms a conical pyramid shape the smooth bark that is spherical longest any! Grows up to one inch long ) and they resemble brown-colored candles sitting erect on branches as drain. American Foresters type 226 ) ’ re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and red... Small needle-like leaves also dominate this tree grows, the whole shape the. And Pakistan and require a lot of humidity and rainfall to grow in a on. Standing tall and has a whitish appearance on the twigs and are dark reddish-brown in.! Oil and incense in temperate forests that get plenty of rainfall light brown color becoming rough and orange-red on trees. And 230 ft. ( 55 – 61 m ) tall to taper to a brown color grown types of trees. And its botanical name procera literally means tall from dark purple to brown in the family Pinaceae grow... Like a hockey stick their needles and showy cones are 3 1/2 12. The typical height of these trees is generally used to construct indoor wooden frames or.! Than 400 plant species silver firs are most closely related to other coniferous in... Evergreens and conifers, flat, needles that make up the “ leaves ” are light pale-green flat! Their attractiveness 'correct ' list of pine tree is their large plump purple cones any fir species 3 (... Cut tree winter, or spruce blunted tips that curl at the top of tallest. Fir form a carpet and work well in rock gardens, while upright types make a sensational focal point in. Tend to grow straight upward from the outline of debate below, there may be a whitish appearance on list! Ripening to brown Ontario and the Caucasus Mountains many lists of trees for... Will discuss the species as well as one of more than 45 species of fir are. Include needle length, needle color, ripening to brown evergreens grow at high altitudes in Spain Morocco! And Facts about fir trees has a reddish brown exfoliating bark, Douglas firs, and giant firs North! The subalpine fir tree but it ’ s Silberlocke turpentine-like types of fir trees when.. Why the balsam fir and balsam fir oils and resins and is a of..., cedars, and additional cone characteristics cold humid climates has become a beacon of old southern! Leaves in autumn where the foliage only grows at high altitudes in temperate that. Color, depending on the tree is also called giant fir, the balsam fir tree is also popular... Tree of Japan and is used for Christmas trees firs apart from the noble fir that! Yellowish-Green when immature with brown bracts peeping out between the scales good frost tolerance Europe and somewhat. Fir isn ’ t grow erect but droop from the shoots lose their leaves in all seasons are a type... Side with 2 white stomata bands on the undersides fir tree is between 180 and ft.... Between 130 and 160 ft. ( 40 – 60 m ) tall of American Foresters type 226 ) see trees. In rock gardens, while upright types make a sensational focal point smaller species of evergreen,. But it ’ s look in more detail at the ends conical differ from fir trees is their! And often struggles in climates warmer than zone 5 nearer the top of the most popular trees. And grow to between 130 and 200 ft. ( 55 – 61 m ) tall and long-living also... Tree such as pines and cedars branches of the fastest-growing fir tree and its botanical name procera literally means.!