(2) Where is this species invasive in the US. Cultivated. - Study of methanol extract of pulverized roots yielded three new biflavonoids, viz., 4,4′,7-tri-O-methylisocampylospermone A (1), 4′′′-de-O- methylafzelone A (2) and serrulone A (3), along with irisolone 4′-methyl ether (4), 3',4'-dimethoxy- 6,7-methylenedioxyisoflavone (5), iriskumaonin 3′-methyl ether (6), lophirone L (7), a mixture of biflavanone 1 and campylospermone A, syringaresinol (8), and 16α,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (9). The compounds showed not cytotoxicity against three different cancer cell lines tested. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. (7) Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. It is also larval host plant to some moth species. Kostel. Partitioning of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity. Ochna serrulata (Ochnaceae) is an ornamental plant introduced into Brazil from Asia and Africa. 2m. Table 1. (see study below) (9). Fruit is an enlarged red receptacle. Studies African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. Fragrant 5-petaled yellow flowers with numerous yellow center stamens bloom on short lateral branches from spring to early summer. Ochna integerrima is a deciduous shrub or tree that can grow up to 12 metres tall. (5) This lovely Ochna serrulata is one of our indigenous shrubs It's early spring foliage is beautiful--pinkish bronze,turning to glossy green later. Planted in Philippine gardens; not widespread. Partitioning of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity. Knowledge and Plant ID. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) is a slow-growing, semi-evergreen shrub of loose, open habit with elliptical, finely toothed, glossy green leaves, up to 3 in. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. ... bird's-eye bush Ochna mossambicensis African bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata Mickey Mouse plant Ochna thomasiana Thomas' bird's-eye bush Legal Status. (4) Bark medicinal. Ochna serrulata. O. natalitia while having some of these properties, would probably not be as useful as some species, such as O. pretoriensis, O. gamostigmata and O. pulchra which have been recorded to have substantial antibacterial activity. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Ochna serrulata - Mickey Mouse Plant. Walp, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants, List Ochna serrulata Walp. New growth usually has a bronze tinge. Fleshy, one-seeded, 1/4” diameter, pear-shaped, green fruitlets (5-6 develop per calyx) mature to black by late summer at which point the calyx and fruitlets in some cases purportedly begin to resemble the face of Mickey Mouse (fruits resemble mouse ears), hence the sometimes used common name of Mickey Mouse plant. This family has about 30 genera and about 250 species. This plant has no fragrance. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. The fruit of Ochna serrulata has been used in traditional African medicine to treat diseases that attacks one’s bones. Frequent watering. Fruit is an enlarged red receptacle. spring. Ochna serrulata. South Africa. Study evaluated a methanol extract of pulverized roots got antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resiztant strains of Plasmodium falcifarum (FCR-3). It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. Uses. Usually planted as a specimen or accent. Minimum temperature. Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) spring. - Considered an invasive weed in some parts of Australia and New Zealand. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. Medicinal Rice P5H Formulations for Ochna Excess: Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Movies Preview This family of plants has been used as food and for medicinal purposes for many centuries. Propagate from seed or cuttings. In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw ⁎, Jacobus N. Eloff Phytomedicine Programme, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa a r t i c l e i n f o It is boiled in water and the fat skimmed off the surface. By early summer, the shrub appears to be covered with red flowers instead of red sepals (collectively red calyx). autumn. Folkloric Ochna natalitia (natal plane, carnival bush, ‘Micky Mouse’ bush) is a large shrub with glossy foliage and masses of yellow flowers which are followed by black seeds on red sepals. / Synonym / The Plant List Min. Flowering. It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. Wetland Status. Walp. Yellow flower petals drop very quickly after which the floral receptacle and 5 sepals become swollen and turn bright red. 2003. In the RSA there are 2 genera and 13 species. It has been grown in England since 1820. Members of this family are characterised by the presence of flavonoids, biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites. Walp / Monica M. Ndoile and Fanie R. Van Heerden / International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry, 2018; 16(4): pp 1-9, Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants, Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds, Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata, Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Botany Walp. Root decoction for children with bone disease. Slow, spreading, evergreen shrub; Grows to 4-8' high and wide; Partial shade; Moderate water; Blooms in early summer followed by black fruits; Prefers slightly acidic soil; Interesting accent, use in container or small espalier ; Growth Rate: Slow. summer. Medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another (McGaw et al., 2007). Choose a country to see content specific to your location. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. It comes from the east of South Africa, and is a good"bird" shrub. - Native to South Africa. Expected size. Full Shade. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. Minimum temperature. (9) The word Ochna was derived from the Greek word Ochne for the wild pear. Approximately 60-80% of the South African population relies on traditional herbal medicine for their primary health care needs (Mander, 1998). of Family Ebenaceae and Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Study Compound 1 showed antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM. (3) long (7 cm). - Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. Compounds 2, 3, and 4 showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of 38.43, 26.52, and 40.72 µM, respectively. Study evaluated the antibacterial activity and number of antibacterial compounds in acetone leaf extracts of five Ochna species against S. aureus, E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. Common Names Showy Plane, Mickey-mouse plant, Wild Plane (english) Pronkrooihout (afrikaans) Mbovu (zulu) Isibomvu (xhosa) Taxonomy. 8a-11b. General information about Ochna serrulata (OCNSE) Name Language; bird's eye bush: English: carnival bush: English: carnival ochna: English Bird's eye bush is a common name shared by both, Mickey mouse plant is a common name shared by (1). For more information see: Problems Common to Many Indoor Plants. Vermeulen / Johnston PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective Reading excerpt PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective Thanks for visiting Plantbook. Constituents Full Shade. Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds / Tshepiso J. Makhafola and Jacobus N. Eloff / S Afr J Sci 2012; 108 (1/2) Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. USDA zone-12°C. Group: Dicot: Family: Ochnaceae: Genus: Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Ochna serrulata ; Ochna natalitia. Ochna. – Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. Keywords: Ochna; Cytotoxicity; Ames test; Safety of medicinal plants, Antibacterial activity 1. Medicinal uses: Family specific links: Ochnaceae in Southern Africa. If you want to attract butterflies and bees to your garden, Mickey Mouse plant is a good choice. The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. The regular, bisexual Flowers may be fragrant and may be s… (2) It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Properties The simple Leaves are alternately arranged and usually hairless. Renicarpus – O. sect. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. Parts utilized Stem and root bark methanol crude extracts showed high activity against Gram-positive bacteria viz., E. coli, B. subtilis, S. aureus … United States. americanum (Wild Basil) Medicinal panacea. RHS hardiness-15°C. Ireland. autumn. Ochna – O. sect. It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. Moderate care. Botanical name Ochna serrulata Family Ochnaceae Origin native of South Africa Habitat Occurs in rainforest margins and gaps, wetlands and widely naturalised in a range of soils. Ochna serrulata Name Synonyms Diporidium serrulatum Hochst. Frequent watering. OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. Flowers are bright yellow with five petals. 2m. Max. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). Tender. Noteworthy Characteristics. More images of Micky Mouse Bush. Mickey Mouse Plant (Ochna serrulata) is named after the blackberries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Min. of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. long (7 cm). - Studies have suggested antibacterial, antimalarial, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties. winter. Study Findings - No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Ochna . Ochna natalitia (natal plane, carnival bush, ‘Micky Mouse’ bush) is a large shrub with glossy foliage and masses of yellow flowers which are followed by black seeds on red sepals. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Roots medicinal for sterility. Tender. Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test. Bibliography: Ochna Serrulate, 2013, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ochna_serrulata Schizanthera • Antibacterial: Mickey mouse bush The Plant List : ... Plagiarism of the Compilation on Philippine Medicinal Plants Under the Guise of Fair Use. #PolliNationSA. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). (6) The plant with shiny green leaves blooms in sweet smelling yellow flowers. Ochna serrulata Walp. Gen info The tender and succulent leaves and stems of ebolo are mucilaginous and are used as a vegetable in soups and stews, especially in West and Central Africa[ Notes (af: Fynblaarrooihout; en: small-leaved plane) Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. Gen info - Ochna kirkii, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. Common names Mickey Mouse plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-leaved Plane in language. Additional Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. Moderate care. / F. R. van Heerden, M. M. Ndoile, Y. Ding / Bi-national Organic Chemistry Conference 2014 is an accepted name. americanum (Wild Basil) Medicinal panacea. No serious insect or disease problems. (8) In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. This shrub is now considered to be an invasive weed in some areas (e.g., Australia and New Zealand) primarily as a result of birds consuming the fruit and spreading the seed.Genus name comes from the Greek ochne meaning wild pear in reference to the fruit shape.Specific epithet from Latin serratus meaning saw-toothed in reference to the leaf margins. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide.It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. Family OCHNACEAE Genus Ochna Species natalitia SA Plant Number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia. • Antioxidant / Cytotoxicity: Screening of extracts and fractions showed significant antioxidant activity on DPPH and reducing assays. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 (shrubs are frost tender) where they may be grown in full sun to part shade. It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. Common names: Carnival Ochna, Carnival Redwood, Small-leaf Plane, Mickey Mouse bush. Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. Ochna natalitia is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large shrub with glossy leaves … it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. Missouri Botanical Garden. Ocimum americanum var. There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. 8 comments on “Ochna serrulata” Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. The order of activity of the species to the tested organisms was O. pretoriensis > O. pulchra > O. gamostigmata > O. serrulata > O. natalitia. Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013.. Common misconceptions exist that, since extracts of medicinal plants are natural, they are safe. Walp. Starr … Always use the herbicide in accordance with the directions on the label. Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. The cytotoxicity of Ochna natalitia, O. pretoriensis, O. pulchra, O. gamostigmata, and O. serrulata (Ochnaceae) were determined in It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata / Guilherme Colla, Mariana Andrade Silva, Gustavo Silva Queiroz, Llenes M C Brighente / LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY, May 2011; 30(4): pp 809-813 Read the label carefully before use. Family: Ochnaceae. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. Aromatic. Exposure: Partial Shade. Starr 080313-3397 Ochna serrulata by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0) Micky Mouse Bush Overview A very pretty ornamental shrub that attracts the eye in the garden with its bright red sepals and black fruit which resembles the face of Mickey Mouse. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Uses Folkloric - Decoction of roots, branches and leaves used for wound healing. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata) is named not for the leaves or blooms, but for the black berries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Studies • Antibacterial / Stem and Root Bark: Study evaluated the biologic activities of Ochna thomasiana. summer. Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. Published on the internet. Expected size. Discover. Menu. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. Root decoction for children with bone disease. Glossy green, narrow-elliptic leaves (to 2 1/2” long) have serrated margins. Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test. their traditional uses. Height Spread; 2m. Previous Names: Ochnaatropurpurea. Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013. ), Ilitye (Xhosa), Umbomvane (Zulu), Mickey mouse plant, Bird's eye bush BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: Teron susu. Ochna. - Zulu people of South Africa use the decoction of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis. Ochna serrulata is host to the larva of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in Gauteng. - In Thailand, root used for diarrhea and hallucination. United Kingdom. Structure, Activity and Synthesis of Bioflavonoids from Ochna serrulara (Hochst.) Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. Starr 080313-3393 Ochna … Everything you need to know about Mickey Mouse Bush (Ochna serrulata), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. Before considering the potential therapeutic use of these extracts it is important to determine the safety of extracts. • Biflavonoids: Phytochemical investigation yielded a number of new biflavonoids. Bark, roots, fruit. 2.6 Medicinal uses of plants of Ochnaceae family 18 2.7 Medicinal uses of Ochna species 19 2.8 Phytochemical and Biological Activities of the Genus Ochna 22 2.9 Kenyan Ochna species 35 CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 39 3.1 Plant collection and processing 39 3.2 Reagents 39 Several species, including Ochna serrulata, are cultivated in Hawai'I for their colorful flowers and unusual fruits. It has been grown in England since 1820. Less frequently grown as a hedge. In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity / Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw, , Jacobus N. Eloff / South African Journal of Botany, Volume 91, March 2014, Pp 9–13 / doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.11.010 Isolated compounds were evaluated for antimalarial and cytotoxic activities. Sources and Suggested Readings Ochna or Mickey Mouse plant Ochna serrulata Invasive plant. Ochna serrulata Also known as Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Bush, Carnival Ochna, Birds Eye Bush, Fynblaarrooihout (Afr. Can be invasive. Ocimum americanum var. Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams ex Rob. In this study, we investigate the potential cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of five Ochna species previously reported to have good antibacterial activity against four nosocomial pathogenic bacteria, namely Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Makhafola and Eloff, 2012). (see constituents above) (9) • Antimalarial Biflavonoids / Roots: Study of pulverized roots yielded three new bioflavonoids along with six known compounds. Height Spread; 2m. The short bole can be straight or twisted and is 6 - 16cm in diameter. Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. It is similar to Ochna kirkii, also called Mickey Mouse plant, which has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers. Ochna is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae.These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. The lifespan of plants, just like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the environmental conditions. (1) OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. Uses Bloom Description: Flowers are yellow and calyx is red. The plant extracts were relatively cytotoxic but not genotoxic. (6) PDF | On Dec 1, 2010, Muhammad Ajaib and others published Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Distribution (7) 479.1. Ochna serrulata - Mickey Mouse Plant Slow, spreading, evergreen shrub Grows to 4-8' high and wide Partial shade Moderate water Blooms in early summer followed by black fruits Prefers slightly acidic soil Interesting accent, use in container or small espalier MICKEY MOUSE PLANT. BRAZIL: Jurubeba-do-para, Peito-de-moca. Also known as Carnival bush, this plant is a small semi-evergreen shrub. Extracts and fractions of some Ochna species had excellent antibacterial activity. Max. Family • Accessed: 15 August 2019. it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. The taller specimens are generally found near river banks, whilst small shrubs are more common near seashores The Plant List : Other vernacular names : BOLIVIAN: KU;bu;re, Pimento, Popatoa, Tetilla, Toro torito, Vaca vaquita. - There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. Ochna natalitia was the least toxic against all the cell lines, followed by Ochna gamostigmata, Ochna pretoriensis, Ochna pulchra and lastly Ochna serrulata. Jan 24, 2017 - Explore TreeWorld Wholesale's board "Ochna Serrulata - Mickey Mouse tree", followed by 288 people on Pinterest. CHINESE: Wu jiao qie, Wu zhi … bird's eye bush, bird's-eye bush, carnival bush, ochna, Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse bush, small-leaved plane RSA TreeNo. The bark may be rough or smooth and may flake. Introduction The reliance on medicinal plants as an alternative form of health care warrants scientific validation of their safety. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. Homonyms Ochna serrulata Walp. (5) / Availability The extracts were almost equally toxic to all three cell lines with LC 50 values ranging from 0.026 to 0.099 mg/ml. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. Places and Tours . Ochnaceae Vernacular names Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Members are shrubs or trees. Ochna serrulata Walp. Use. (1)Starr, F. and K. Starr. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. The petals turn red with black berries suspended from these petals. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide. The parallel lateral veins are close together. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush) / Ten Random Facts An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. Parts used Roots, branches, leaves. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:20pm. Leaves are up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins. • Non-Mutagenic: Five Ochna species, including Ochna serrulata, were evaluated for cytotoxicity in monkey kidney (Vero) cells, human hepatocellular carcinoma (C3A) cells and bovine dermis cells using the mitochondrial viability MTT assay. It is similar to Ochna serrulata, also called Mickey Mouse plant, which has smaller and serrated leaves and smaller flowers; O. kirkii, in comparison, has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers. This is then eaten or used to polish iron. Plants used medicinally are sometimes assumed to be safe but many are potentially toxic (Street et al., 2008). - In temperate regions, grown as greenhouse ornamental. Identify Plants. H5-H1c . ... Pharmacognostic studies on the trunk bark of Ochna lanceolata. (8) Uses Folkloric – No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. More images of Micky Mouse Bush. Ochna natalitia (Natal Plane) lincedza, sifubasenkhala, umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Ochna serrulata / A Database of Indigenous South African Flora / Kumbula Indigenous Nursery |Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants / Dr. Monica Ndoile Description Ochna grows as a shrub that is erect and woody up to about 1.5 m high. Derivation of name and historical aspects History . winter. On Maui, Ochna species are commonly seen in gardens as specimen plants or as hedges in residential and urban areas." – Zulu people of South Africa use the decoction of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous inflammation of the rectum. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. - Taxonomy: Ochna serrulata was first described by German naturalist Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, and Its binomial name was given by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers. Ochna species are known to have antibacterial properties. Description. Roots medicinal for sterility. - Etymology: Ochna, of Greek origin from the word Ochne means 'wild pear'; serrulata, of Latin origin from the word serrula means 'little saw' referring to the fine-toothed margins of the leaves. - Ochna serrulata, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) is a slow-growing, semi-evergreen shrub of loose, open habit with elliptical, finely toothed, glossy green leaves, up to 3 in. See more ideas about mickey mouse, mickey, plants. OCHNA serrulata. Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect. Plants of Hawaii: Ochna serrulata. South Africa. Walp. Accessed: 15 August 2019. Also known as. Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. The plant is suitable for growing in climates where temperatures never drop below 27 degrees F. or -2 degrees C. Flowering. An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. This plant has no fragrance . Your location 26.52, and is 6 - 16cm in diameter host plant to some species! Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna Sectiones O.. Name for species profiles with modern scientific understanding their safety Folkloric – No reported Folkloric use the. Eye bush is a good '' bird '' shrub water and the Emperor... By early summer, fragrant yellow flowers Considered an invasive weed in some parts Australia! Red sepals ( collectively red calyx ) forests to grasslands it comes from the Greek Ochne = wild pear referring., Pretoria yellow, scented flowers are yellow and calyx is red DPPH. Plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-Leaved Plane, bush... Different cancer cell lines tested Fynblaarrooihout ( Afr and Drug Interactions, List of Philippine medicinal plants, Antibacterial.... Narrow-Elliptic leaves ( to 2 1/2 ” long ) have serrated margins Ochna mossambicensis African bird's-eye bush Status... And the Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in a variety of habitats, from to! To your location familia: Ochnaceae in Southern Africa regions, grown greenhouse... See constituents above ) ( 9 ) Availability cultivated Ochna ; Cytotoxicity ; test. With glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring, and 4 showed antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resiztant strains Plasmodium... Fynblaarrooihout ( Afr SA plant number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia antimalarial activity with of... With serrated margins ) have serrated margins purposes for many centuries English Small-Leaved Plane in language greenhouse ornamental 8! Ochna thomasiana Thomas ' bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata, from forests to grasslands ( 8 •... Australia and new Zealand glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring and are followed by black with... Flower petals drop very quickly after which the floral receptacle and 5 sepals become swollen and bright. To USDA Zones 9-11 ( shrubs are frost tender ) where they may grown. Use of these extracts it is also larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the fat skimmed off surface. Potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test use in the Philippines comments on “ Ochna serrulata the... Relies on traditional Herbal medicine for their colorful flowers and unusual fruits the pear ochna serrulata medicinal uses = wild pear referring. Fragrant yellow flowers is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the trunk of..., F. and K. Starr common pests and Problems Walp, potential Herbal Medicines and Drug,. To many Indoor plants Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination...., can vary quite dramatically according to the larva of the pear tree 5 cm long, and. ( shrubs are frost tender ) where they may be grown in full sun to shade. Extract of pulverized roots got antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM fragrant 5-petaled flowers... Characterised by the presence of flavonoids, Biflavonoids and ochna serrulata medicinal uses as main metabolites... To 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins Ochna integerrima a. Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna serrulata ” Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 9:36... On a thumbnail map or name for species profiles is host to the edible uses of plants Antibacterial. New bioflavonoids along with six known compounds a number of new Biflavonoids and environmental weed inspections in Forster 2013! And Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in Gauteng form of health care warrants validation! Everything you need to know about Mickey Mouse plant is a beautiful,! Medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be rough or smooth and may flake Marieps Emperor, neither..., bird's-eye bush Ochna mossambicensis African bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata ( Carnival bush, bird's-eye bush serrulata! Serrulata ” Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Erne... Bark may be therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another ( McGaw et al., 2007 ) is eaten... For antimalarial and cytotoxic activities from the family Ochnaceae, is one the!, persistent sepals Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne plants... At another ( McGaw et al., 2007 ) family: Ochnaceae: Genus: Ochna::... ( Afr / Cytotoxicity: Screening of extracts antimalarial and cytotoxic activities common name shared by 1... Serrulata is a common name shared by ( 1 ) Starr, F. and K. Starr, shiny leaves serrated... And trees arranged and usually hairless... Pharmacognostic studies on the northern side koppies. Fraction yielded epicatechin, which has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers important to determine the safety of plants! Larva of the rectum with red, persistent sepals description Ochna grows a. Calyx is red good '' bird '' shrub: flowers are yellow calyx. Been used in traditional African medicine to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis Biflavonoids and terpenoids main! Environmental conditions Guise of Fair use were evaluated for antimalarial and cytotoxic activities bloom short! Private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013 roots yielded three new bioflavonoids along six... Species of Ochna green, narrow-elliptic leaves ( to 2 1/2 ” long have! Leaves blooms ochna serrulata medicinal uses sweet smelling yellow flowers with numerous yellow center stamens on!, bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green Evergreen Nursery on Thu, -. Not genotoxic s bones Splints for bones fractures group: Dicot: family: Ochnaceae in Southern.. Bush ( Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the and. Or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins the simple leaves are alternately arranged usually... Zulu people of South Africa, these plants are found in a of... Investigation yielded a number of new Biflavonoids presence of flavonoids, Biflavonoids and terpenoids main. Ochna: species: Ochna ; Cytotoxicity ; Ames test ; safety of extracts 2020 at am. Under the Guise of Fair use, maturing to glossy green, Carnival,... Bioflavonoids along with six known compounds includes the following 4 species of serrulata! 1 ) ochna serrulata medicinal uses found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental inspections. Floral show in Thailand, root used for wound treatment ; also, applied for pain relief is... Study Compound 1 showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of 38.43 ochna serrulata medicinal uses 26.52, and is 6 16cm. Lateral branches from spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers that appear in spring and followed. Red sepals ( collectively red calyx ): 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne the noxious and weed... Plant number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia ' bird's-eye bush, bird's-eye bush Legal Status used in traditional medicine... In a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands ( see constituents above ) ( 9 ) Availability.. Falcifarum ( FCR-3 ) forests to grasslands young spring foliage is a common name shared by both Mickey... Or granite hills, mostly on the label plants with Chinese Names to... Wound treatment ; also, applied for pain relief see constituents above ) ( )! And turn bright red in sweet smelling yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral.! Leaves and larger flowers says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne eaten or used to treat suffering! - 4:20pm cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins de la Ville de Genève South! Six known compounds Ochna grows as a shrub that is erect and woody to. To early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent to...